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Bulancak's History

History :
These areas fell into the hands of Mushkilis, Tibarens and Tabas during the immigration of Sea tribes after 1200 BC. Following the fall downfall of the Hittites, the region fell under the rule of the Kingdom of Phrygia. After the Phyrigians were destroyed by the Cimmerians and the Scythians coming from the east, it was founded as a Colonial town by citizens transferred from Sinope, Samsun and Ordu with the name of Kerasous by the Miletians who founded Colonial towns and traded, dominating the Aegean region when the raids of the Scythians and Cimmerians stopped in 7th century BC. Giresun fell under the rule of the Persians in the 4th century BC. After being ruled by the Kingdom of Cappadocia for some while in the 3rd century BC, it was later passed under the rule of the Macedonians. The Pontians ruled the region during the 1st and 2nd centuries BC.

When the Pontic King Mithridates was beaten by the Roman General Lucullus in the 6th century BC, the city and the region fell under the Roman rule. When the Roman Empire was divided into two in 395 AC, Bulancak fell under the rule of the Eastern Roman Empire. When Istanbul, the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire was invaded by the Crusaders in the 11th century AC, the children of Emperor Komnenos came to Trabzon and founded the Greek Empire of Trebizond with Trabzon as the capital in 1204 AC. Bulancak was also within the borders of this empire.

The Seljuk Turks, who started invading Anatolia after the Battle of Manzikert on August 26, 1071 AC , arrived in Anatolia and took the Black Sea coasts under the Turkish rule. As a result of the weakening of the Anatolian Seljuk Empire during the Crusades, the coastline fell off the hands of the Turks and under the rule of the Pontic Empire of Trebizond which was founded in 1204 AC. Chepni Turks, a branch of the Oghuz Turks, who came to Anatolia first took Sinope in 1277 AC. In the meanwhile, the Mongol pressure was decreasing in Anatolia. Later, they started to rule the whole Canik Region.

After Bayram Bey, one of the Chepni Turkish Beys who allowed the Turkization of Giresun and around and founded a Beylik in the Ordu-Giresun region, came Hadji Emir Bey, who fought with the King of Pontic Empire of Trebizond in 1358, and Bulancak fell into the hands of the Turks in 1397 during the period of Hadji Emir Bey’s son Suleiman Bey.

Burhanettin the Kadi who was the Ruler of the region celebrated this news by beating drums and sent his emissaries to join Suleiman Bey. Thus, the territories of the Empire of Trebizond remained as Trabzon and around.

With the conquest, Oghuz Boys such as Chepni, Doger, Eymir, Karkin, Ala-Yurtlu, Bayindir and Igdir came and settled down in the region. Around 60 to 65 years after the conquest, the name of the district was changed to KEPSIL, then AKKOY in 1871, and BULANCAK in 1928.
Kepsil, which was a Regency, that is an administrative unit under the jurisdiction of Naibi the Kadi, is the Homeland of Cakiroglu Pir Kadem Kethuda, Mustafa Kethuda and Semsettin Kethuda as of 1455.

However, the trade among the majority of the population in city centers such as Giresun-Tirebolu belonged to the Greeks and Armenians.
Hadji Emir Beylik fell under the Ottoman rule during Murat II’s reign, and Black Sea region fell under the final Turkish rule with the capture of Trabzon in 1461 during Mehmed the Conqueror’s reign, becoming a Turkish land.

The district of Bulancak belonged to Giresun with the name of AKKOY, while the Municipality was established in 1887, and it became a District in 1934.

It is a coastal district 14km away from Giresun’s city center towards Samsun. It is an important center located in the northeast of the province. It has a surface area of 608 km2 and a population of 56,636. While its old name is Akkoy, its current name comes from Bulancak Stream.

Geographical Structure:
With a surface area of 608 square kilometers, the district of Bulancak is located on a coastline, and is neighbor to the provincial borders of Ordu and Giresun alongside the districts of Piraziz and Dereli. The terrain is very rugged and shows a diffuse structure. The altitude shows a rising graphic in the interior areas. This height reaches 3,107 meters in Karagol mountains. The source of the Pazarsuyu Stream which has a length of 92 kilometers is also located here.

It has rivers such as the Bulancak stream, Incuvez stream, Erikliman stream and Karadere. Main highlands include Kizalan hill, Dikmen hill, Solakyatak hill, Evliya hill, Kel hill, and Hasan Celebi hill. Its vegetation consists of oak, laurus, erica, arbutus unedo, myrtus tree and fruit trees, while the forest vegetation consists of chestnut, hornbeam, black poplar, alder, tilia and elm. Hazel trees can grow up to 2,000 meters. Pine, spruce and fir trees multiply in higher areas.